霍尔顿今年16岁,是潘西预备学校的三年级学生。他因为五门课四门不及格而被开除。霍尔顿聪明而又复杂,他以一种讽刺的方式讲述自己的故事。虽然他从来没有说过,但他想生活在一个美丽而纯真的世界里,他发现自己周围的世界是多么的丑陋而痛苦。他用讽刺来保护自己免受成人世界的痛苦和失望。在韦氏词典中,一致性指的是在一个社会或群体中复制大多数人行为的行为;服从,同意服从或同意的条件霍尔顿面临的环境迫使他做出自己的决定。他经常拒绝做出别人认为正确的决定。例如,霍尔顿买了一顶帽子,但戴的方式与别人不同。霍尔顿说:“我戴它的时候,把旧的帽檐甩到后面去了——我承认这很老土,但我喜欢这样。我看起来很不错”(3,17 -18)。这是霍尔顿选择做某件事的许多次之一,因为他喜欢某一种方式,而不是顺从别人的标准。与《韦氏词典》的解释相一致,“个人主义”一词意味着在一个社会或群体中,每个人的欲望似乎比每个人的欲望更重要。霍尔顿对他以前就读过的预科学校和就读过的人的评价体现了他的个人主义思想。他说“潘西满是骗子。相当多的人来自这些非常富有的家庭,但无论如何,到处都是骗子。学校越贵,骗子就越多——我不是在开玩笑。”霍尔顿直言不讳地表达了他对预科学校学生的感情。他告诉你,上预科学校的人要么来自富裕家庭,要么就是骗子。霍尔顿让大家知道了。

英国文献综述代写 个人主义

Holden is sixteen years old, and is a junior at a school called Pencey Prep. He gets expelled for failing four out of five of his classes. Holden is smart and complex, he tells his story in a sarcastic way. Though he never says so, he wants to live in a beautiful and innocent world and finds the ugliness of the world around him very painful. He uses sarcasm as his way of protecting himself from the pain and disappointment of the adult world.The Merriam-Webster Dictionary, conformity means the actions that replicate the acts of the majority of people in a society or group; the condition of obeying or agreeing with. Holden faces circumstances that force him to make his own decisions. He often rejects making decisions built off what others believe are correct. For instance, Holden buys a hat but does not wear it the way someone usually wear one. Holden states, “The way I wore it, I swung the old peak way around to the back—very corny, I’ll admit it, but I liked it that way. I looked good in it that way” (3, 17-18). This is one of the many times Holden chooses to do something because he likes it a certain way, instead of the compliant to other people’s standards.Consistent with Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the word individualism means the desires of each person appear more significant than the desires of every person in a society or a group. Holden shows the idea of individualism with his judgments towards the previous prep schools he has attended and the people who went there. He states “Pencey was full of crooks. Quite a few guys came from these very wealthy families, but it was all full of crooks anyway. The more expensive the school is, the more crooks it has—I’m not kidding” (4). Holden shows his feelings towards the people that attend the prep school in a blunt way. He tells you that anyone who goes to a prep school must be from a wealthy family or be a crook. Holden makes it known .

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