霍尔顿反复思考预科学校的生活,以及那些上学的人一定是骗子。霍尔顿不能很好地适应这些规则。和学校里的其他人做同样的事情对他没有吸引力,所以他放弃了尝试,希望不用再回到另一所预科学校。因此,霍尔顿参加了各种预科学校,他要么不及格,要么被踢出。在第六章中,斯特拉特对霍尔顿说:“你做任何事都要背台词。他看着我。“怪不得你他妈的要挂科,”他说。“你一件该死的事都没有按照你应该的方式去做。我的意思是它。一件该死的东西也没有”(41)。斯特拉特试图向霍尔顿解释,顺从会让他和其他人的生活更容易。霍尔顿不想让自己的生活更轻松;他想用自己的观点做出自己的选择,而不是屈服于社会的压力和墨守成规。通过霍尔顿的观点,读者体验到了他被迫进入预科学校的影响,导致霍尔顿背离了和其他人完全一样的想法。在霍尔顿很小的时候,他的父母经常送他去新学校,让他改变,所以霍尔顿很有可能会从众。霍尔顿并不想采取“安全”的方式来回答每个问题。事实上,霍尔顿希望通过个体的思想来挑战传统主义。每一次霍尔顿试图摆脱这些“骗子”,它给你一个线索,他如何重视诚实和他对那些没有这种价值的人的反应。霍尔顿试图向莎莉证明自己是对的,他说他想要实现一些不同的东西,而不仅仅是一个骗子。“学校的全是伪君子,所有你做的是学习,这样你可以学到足够聪明能够买一个该死的凯迪拉克总有一天,你要相信你不在乎如果足球队输了,和所有你做的是谈论女孩,酒和性,和大家一起粘在这些肮脏的小的”(131)。随着时间的流逝,他意识到社会上大多数人都不是真诚的。真相激怒了霍尔顿,他幻想着逃离这个社会,住在一个远离所有人的小屋里。这是一个难以置信的想法,对他来说几乎是不可能的。他觉得自己不适合这个社会,不想成为其中的一员。如果霍尔顿和其他人一样,他就不会有这种想法,但他不是。霍尔顿显然无法应付他周围的情况。

英国教育学论文代写 预科学校的生活

Holden repeatedly has thoughts about life in prep schools and how those who attend must be phonies. Holden does not adjust well to following rules. The idea of doing the same things as everyone else in his school does not appeal to him, so he gives up on trying in hopes of not having to go back to another prep school. Consequently, Holden attends various prep schools that he either flunks out of or gets kicked out. In chapter six, Stradlater says to Holden, “You always do everything backasswords.” He looked at me. “No wonder why you’re flunking the hell out of here,” he said. “You don’t do one damn thing the way you’re supposed to. I mean it. Not one damn thing” (41). Stradlater tries to explain to Holden that compliance would make his and everyone else’s lives much easier. Holden does not want to make his life easier; he wants to make his own choices with his own outlook on things without seeming to succumb to the pressures of society and its conformities. Through Holden’s view, the reader experiences the effect of him being forced to go into prep school resulting in Holden turning away from the idea of emerging exactly like everyone else. At a young age, Holden was most likely exposed to conformity by always having his parents send him away to new schools to have him change. Holden does not want to take the “safe” route by responding to each question the same way as everyone else. In fact, Holden wishes to challenge traditionalism through the idea of being an individual. Each time Holden tries to escape from these “phonies,” it gives you a clue about how he values honesty and his response towards people who don’t have this same value. Holden tries to justify himself to Sally by saying he wants to achieve something different and not just be a phony. “It’s full of phonies, all you do is study so that you can learn enough to be smart enough to be able to buy a goddam Cadillac someday, and you have to keep making believe you give a damn if the football team loses, and all you do is talk about girls and liquor and sex all day, and everybody sticks together in these dirty little goddam cliques” (131). As his days go by, he realizes that most people in society are not genuine. The truth angers Holden and he daydreams about running away, escaping from society, and living in a cabin away from everybody. This is an unbelievable idea that is barely even an option for him. He decides that he doesn’t fit in society and he doesn’t want to be a part of it. This thought would have never come across Holden’s mind if he was like everybody else, but he isn’t. Holden apparently can’t deal with the situations around him.

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